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<td colspan="2" align="center" style="width:100%; font-size: 1.25em; white-space: nowrap;">Solomons, Maryland</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedrow"> <td colspan="2" style="text-align: center;">Location of Solomons, Maryland

</td> </tr>


<tr class="mergedbottomrow">

       <td colspan="2" style="text-align: center; font-size: smaller; padding-bottom: 0.7em;">Coordinates: 38°20′11″N 76°27′51″W / 38.33639, -76.46417</td>
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<tr class="mergedtoprow"> <th>Country

               <th>United States

</tr><tr class="mergedrow"> <th>State

               <th>Maryland

</tr><tr class="mergedrow"> <th>County <th>Calvert </tr>


<tr class="mergedtoprow"> <td colspan="2">Area </td> </tr> <tr class="mergedrow"> <th>  - Total </th> <td>2.1 sq mi (5.5 km²)</td> </tr><tr class="mergedrow"> <th> - Land</th> <td>1.8 sq mi (4.6 km²)</td> </tr><tr class="mergedrow"> <th> - Water</th> <td>0.3 sq mi (0.9 km²)</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedtoprow"> <td>Elevation </td> <td>0 ft (0 m)</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedtoprow"> <td colspan="2">Population (2000)</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedrow"> <th> - Total</th> <td>1,536</td> </tr><tr class="mergedrow"> <th> - Density</th> <td>856.1/sq mi (330.5/km²)</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedtoprow"> <th>Time zone</th> <td>Eastern (EST) (UTC-5) </tr> <tr class="mergedbottomrow"> <th style="white-space: nowrap;"> - Summer (DST)</th> <td>EDT (UTC-4)</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedtoprow">

               <th>ZIP code</th>
               <td>20688

</tr> <tr class="mergedrow"> <th>Area code(s)</th> <td>410</td> </tr>

<tr class="mergedtoprow"> <th>FIPS code</th> <td>24-73325</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedrow"> <th>GNIS feature ID</th> <td>1676619</td> </tr>


Solomons is a community and census-designated place (CDP) in Calvert County, Maryland, United States. The population was 1,536 at the 2000 census. Solomons is considered a popular weekend destination spot amongst many living in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area.

Geography

Solomons is located at 38°20′11″N 76°27′51″W / 38.33639, -76.46417 (38.336431, -76.464102)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.5 km²), of which, 1.8 square miles (4.6 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²) of it (15.96%) is water.

Solomons Island is on the north side of the mouth of Patuxent River, where it meets the Chesapeake Bay. It is just across from the U.S. Patuxent River Naval Air Station (on the south side of the mouth of the Patuxent River).

History

Early settlers

Originally called Bourne's Island (1680), then Somervell's Island (1740), Solomons, also known as Solomons Island, takes its name from 19th century Baltimore businessman Isaac Solomon, who established a cannery there shortly after the Civil War. Solomons' home still stands on the front of the island.

The area has, however, been inhabited since colonial times. The Webster Family opened up a grocery store in the late 18th century. The Store was the only one in the area and became a profitable business. This profit combined with cheap land prices led to the Webster Family (Now Glascock) owning a high percentage of Solomons, Maryland.[2]

Building ships for the fishing fleet

In the 19th century, shipyards developed to support the island's fishing fleet. The Marsh Shipyard built schooners and sloops, but became famous for its bugeyes, the forerunner of the skipjack. In the War of 1812, Commodore Joshua Barney's flotilla sailed from here to attack British vessels on the Chesapeake Bay. The deep, protected harbor has been a busy marine center ever since.

Supporting the U.S. Navy during World War II

During World War II, the island was chosen by the Allied command as the site for training amphibious invasion forces. The lessons learned at Solomons proved invaluable on D-Day, at Tarawa, Guadalcanal, and in numerous other military operations. Three naval bases were established at the mouth of the nearby Patuxent River. These three facilities made a major contribution to the war effort and brought new jobs to local residents. Between 1942 and 1945, the population of Solomons increased from 263 to more than 2,600. Over 60,000 troops trained at Solomons during the war.

Ironically, many of the servicemen who trained at the Solomons Maryland base, were sent to fight at the Solomon Islands in the Pacific Ocean.

Solomons was the site of the following U.S. Navy activities during the war:[3]

  • Naval Mine Warfare Test Station.
  • Naval Amphibious Training Base.
  • Mine Warfare Experimental Station.
  • Naval Dispensary, Naval Amphibious Training Base

Construction of the Governor Thomas Johnson Bridge

Solomons was a rather isolated boat-building town housing the University of Maryland Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, until 1977 when the Governor Thomas Johnson Bridge was built. The bridge leads from just off Solomons Island proper to Saint Mary's County, Maryland and the Patuxent Naval Air Station.

Present-day attraction to tourists

The town now welcomes tourists with numerous marinas, seafood restaurants, gift shops, a boardwalk, an upscale gourmet grocery, a sculpture garden, a marine life museum where visitors can climb atop a former lighthouse, harbor cruises, and occasional famous performer concerts outdoors. Solomons also has three major hotels, a U.S. Navy family recreation center, and a church retirement home.

Solomons is also home to the infamousTemplate:Clarifyme Tiki Bar of Solomons Island. The weekend of the annual opening of the Tiki Bar brings tens of thousands of visitors to the Tiki Bar and other Solomons Island establishments.Template:Fix

2006 Solomons Island Fire

On March 15, 2006, a large fire destroyed Bowen's Inn (established in the 1800s), The Lighthouse Inn restaurant (established in 1984), and a condominium building. The fire caused 5 million dollars in damages and was determined to be caused by a cigarette butt. High winds fueled the fire and distributed smaller fires all over the island as far as the Research Lab.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,536 people, 689 households, and 378 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 856.1 people per square mile (331.3/km²). There were 881 housing units at an average density of 491.0/sq mi (190.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 90.69% White, 6.64% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78% of the population.

There were 689 households out of which 15.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.1% were non-families. 39.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 24.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.56.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 13.1% under the age of 18, 3.1% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 41.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 56 years. For every 100 females there were 80.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $48,532, and the median income for a family was $74,318. Males had a median income of $64,833 versus $34,313 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $33,049. About 2.1% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

References

  1. "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  2. Mountford, Kent (November 2001). "Cove Point: Mariners’s safe harbor now threatened by ships". Chesapeake Bay Journal. Retrieved on 2008-05-12.
  3. Clancey, Patrick. "U.S. Naval Activities, World War II, By State [Maryland]". HyperWar Foundation. Retrieved on 2008-04-17.
  4. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.

External links


nl:Solomons

pt:Solomons vo:Solomons